Psephos: Adam Carr's Election Archive
Vicorian state election, 24 November 2018
The Legislative Council
Eastern Metropolitan Region
Eastern Victoria Region
Northern Metropolitan Region
Northern Victoria Region
Southern Metropolitan Region
South-Eastern Metropolitan Region
Western Metropolitan Region
Western Victoria Region
The Victorian Legislative Council has 40 members, elected by proportional representation and preferential voting from
eight regions, each electing five members. A quota for election is therefore 16.7%, but in practice the preferential
system makes it possible to be elected with far fewer votes if preference deals are done which benefit minor-party
candidates. Victoria still uses the system of automatic allocation of preferences which has now been abolished for
Senate elections. This makes it more likely that minor-party candidates will be elected.
At the 2014 election, Labor won 14 seats, a loss of two, and the Liberal-National coalition won 16, a loss of five. The
Greens won five seats, a gain of two - both from Labor. Five minor party candidates were elected, all at the expense of the
Coalition. They were two Shooters, Fishers and Farmers members, one Democratic Labour Party, one Sex Party, and one from the
group called Vote 1 Local Jobs. This meant that the three "left" parties (Labor, the Greens and the Sex Party) had 20 votes
between them, while the Coalition, the Shooters, the DLP and Local Jobs also had 20. In practice the Labor government has managed
to negotiate the passage of most of its legislation with one or other of the minor parties.
At this election the DLP and Vote 1 Local Jobs members are retiring. Their seats may revert to the Coalition, or other
minor party candidates may be elected in their place. Labor or the Greens will need to gain one seat to have a majority between
them, although Labor is emphatic that it does not want to rely on the Greens. Labor's best prospect of a gain is to win three seats
in Western Metropolitan, by winning the seat being vacated by the DLP. Labor also has hopes of defeating some of the Greens members.
The Coalition will be hoping to regain the seat in Western Victoria they lost to Vote 1 Local Jobs in 2014.
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